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On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon’s rocky surface

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon’s rocky surface

When President Kennedy was sworn into office in 1961, he vowed to put a man on the moon before the decade was out. Although he did not live long enough to see his dream realized, the nation did witness man’s historic voyage to the moon. One of the three astronauts on this momentous mission was Neil Armstrong. Neil Alden Armstrong was born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. During the Korean War he served as a pilot for the U.S. Navy. In 1955 Armstrong graduated from Purdue University and went on to become a civilian test pilot for NASA. At Edwards Air Force Base in Lancaster, California, Armstrong tested the X-15 rocket airplane. When he began astronaut training in 1962, he became the first civilian to join the program. The 1966 Gemini 8 mission was Armstrong’s first flight in space. During this flight, he and his partner, David R. Scott, docked their spacecraft with an unmanned spacecraft. After their spacecraft went into a violent roll, the astronauts were able to get the situation under control and safely return to Earth. Three years later, in 1969, Armstrong was chosen to be the commander of the Apollo 11 mission to the moon. Fellow astronaut Edwin E. Aldrin (Buzz) landed and walked on the moon with Armstrong while Michael Collins orbited the moon in the Command module. As Armstrong made history by becoming the first person to walk on the moon, the world stopped to watch the event on television. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon’s rocky surface and uttered these famous words, “That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.” After retiring from NASA in 1971, Neil Armstrong became a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati.

Mission to the Moon

On the morning of July 16, 1969, three astronauts squeezed through the hatch of the spacecraft that was to be their home for the next eight days. As their families anxiously watched on the ground, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins listened to a voice at launch control count off the last ten seconds. Clouds of steam and smoke billowed around the rocket as all engines ignited and lift off was achieved. Only two and a half minutes into the flight, the Saturn V’s first stage had shut down and fallen into the ocean. Four seconds later, the second stage separated from the Columbia, and the astronauts began to experience weightlessness. After the third and final stage fired, the spacecraft orbited around Earth one and a half times before the spacecraft propelled Apollo 11 toward the moon. A little over four hours into the flight, the astronauts worked to maneuver the Eagle into position. Now they were ready for the job that lay ahead. On the fifth morning of the mission, the astronauts were awakened by Mission Control. It was landing day, the day for which they had trained. Aldrin and Armstrong moved into Eagle while Collins stayed behind in Columbia. When Collins released the hatch, the two modules drifted apart. Less than two hours later, Eagle began its descent. Skillfully and carefully the two men piloted the craft toward the Sea of Tranquility. Collins, meanwhile, continued to orbit the back side of the moon. As Neil Armstrong stepped cautiously off the ladder onto the moon’s surface, the world watched intently and listened to his words: “That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.” A dream had become a reality. ————————

source – https://www.teachervision.com/tv/printables/TCR/1576901009_338-339.pdf

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Vijay Gupta
Vijay Gupta1092 posts

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